what is forensic pathology?
Forensic pathology is a sub-specialty of histopathology, and is concerned with the application of pathological principles to the investigation of the medico-legal aspects of death.
Forensic pathologists are medically qualified doctors who perform autopsies (postmortem examinations) on those who have died suddenly, unexpectedly, or as a result of trauma or poisoning.
The forensic investigation of death is a multi-disciplinary activity, involving the collaboration between pathologists, crime scene investigators (CSIs), forensic scientists, and other specialists, such as anthropologists, entomologists, odontologists (dentists) and many other experts.
Autopsy findings are combined with the results of other investigations, including the microscopic examination of organs and tissues removed at autopsy, toxicological analyses (of blood and urine, for example), and correlated with the available clinical or medical history of the deceased, as well as the circumstances of their death, in order to answer questions relating to their death.
The issues raised by a death may include:
- identification of the deceased,
- the medical cause of death,
- the interpretation of injuries, and
- the manner of death (in some jurisdictions), i.e. accident, suicide or homicide
Those who have dissected or inspected many bodies have at least learned to doubt, while those who are ignorant of anatomy and do not take the trouble to attend to it, are in no doubt at all.
Giovanni Morgagni (1682-1771)
Taceant colloquia. Effugiat risus. Hic locus est ubi mors gaudet succurrere vitae. (Let conversation cease. Let laughter flee. This is the place where death delights to help the living.)
Latin proverb (Saukko P, Knight B. Knight's Forensic Pathology (3rd Edition) 2004. Arnold Publishers.
What does a forensic pathologist do?
Dr Michael Pollanen on the role of a forensic pathologist
an introduction to forensic pathology
A well-run mortuary doesn’t really smell; it is washed frequently and properly ventilated, and most bodies examined are fresh. But I’d never smelled anything like that putrefied body; it was an overwhelming odor, dense, wet, vile, almost shockingly sweet, like the vomit of a drunk; it seemed to coat the skin and settle into clothes. I felt nauseated, and stepped back outside the room, closed the door behind me and leaned against the wall, retching.
Dr Jonathan Hayes. Forensic Pathologist New York City.
Historical illustration of a pathologist examining a body at a death scene (pre-DNA era)
Source: Science Against Crime, Kind S
forensic medicine and pathology of the vulnerable patient on Pinterest
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Forensic pathology in action - In the mortuary
Knight's Forensic Pathology (4th Edition)
Simpson's Forensic Medicine (13th Edition)
forensic pathology - principles and practice
Forensic Pathology of Trauma
forensic medicine - clinical and pathological aspects
Spitz and Fisher's Medicolegal Investigation of Death (4th Edition)
Oxford Handbook of Forensic Medicine
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Revise your basic pathology knowledge
Basic pathology revision - inflammation and sepsis
Anatomy revision resources can be found here ....
- forensic pathology links (Delicious)
- The forensic pathologist: family physician to the bereaved. Adelson L (1977)
- post mortem changes (eMedicine)
- histopathology microscopy videos
- histopathology and histology videos by Washington Deceit
- histopatholoogy videos (at Vodpod)
- forensic pathology (qwiki)
- virtual pathology museum (pot based) at the Alexandria Virtual Medical School
- virtual macro and micro pathology (Magdeburg University, Germany)
- forensic medicine (inside forensic science series) via Scribd
- forensic pathology (DiMaio via Scribd)
Apps for forensic pathologists
- Shadow Lite for iPhone - time of death calculation based on Henssge's formula and stature estimation for various bone lengths (additional functions to come)
Pathology forms the basis of the language of medicine.
Learning medical terminology can be frustrating, but need not be impossible!
Many resources exist to help you learn how to speak 'medicalese', including the following ...
- US Army basic medical terminology course booklet
- Paediatric forensic pathology: limits and controversies (Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine 2007) - pages vi-xiv (glossary)
- Inquiry into pediatric forensic pathology in Ontario ('Goudge Inquiry') Volume 2 (2008) - pages xix-xxix (glossary)
- Online medical terminology course at Des Moines University
- medical terminology online resources collection
- medical eponyms database (also available as an app)
- medical terminology tutorial (from the US National Library of Medicine)
- online medical dictionary at Medline Plus (from the US National Library of Medicine)
- wikipedia list of medical word roots, prefixes/ suffixes and examples
There are also many books on the market to help learn medical terminology...
- Medical terminology for dummies (buy it here)
- Pocket medical terminology (buy it here)
- Medical terminology and clinical procedures (buy it here)
- Concise medial dictionary (Oxford, colour) (buy it here)
- Medical terminology: a short course (buy it here)
- Dunmore and Fleischer's Medical Terminology: exercises in etymology (buy it here)
- A word book in pathology and laboratory medicine (buy it here)
- Stedman's pathology and laboratory medicine words (buy it here)
- forensic medicine
- head injury
- head trauma
- cause of death
- death investigation
- medicolegal death investigation
- forensic pathologist
- sudden cardiac death
- patterns of injury
- forensic pathology
- blunt force injury
- forensic science
- post mortem
- blunt force trauma
- sharp force trauma
Time of death, Snyder Sachs, J
Buy it here
See it at Google Books here
Amid the plethora of popular books on forensic science, it's hard for writers to find a new slant. But Jessica Sachs has found one: her main themes are entomology, botany and ecology, and in particular how they help to establish time of death. Thankfully, Sachs fully acknowledges the biological variations that prohibit the ludicrous accuracy with which time of death is estimated in so many novels and television dramas.
Knight B. In the New Scientist 2001 (read the full review here)
Forensic pathology education on Flipboard
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Deaths following police contact and in custody on Flipboard
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autopsy resources - Evernote notebook